Tuesday, July 21, 2015

Safe Mode On/Off: Run Your Computer (WINDOWS) in Safe Mode

What is Safe Mode

WINDOWS users might need to run their PC on safe mode. In other word, there is opportunity for them to run computer in safe mode if necessity arises. What is this Safe Mode? Safe Mode is a troubleshooting option for WINDOWS that starts computer in a limited state. In Safe Mode, WINDOWS starts with a limited set of basic files and drivers necessary to run WINDOWS. That means you cannot do all your computer functioning opening in Safe Mode. Only the following devices and drivers start in Safe Mode—

Devices and Drivers that start in Safe Mode

1. Floppy disk drives (internal and USB)
2. Internal CD-ROM drives (ATA, SCSI)
3. External CD-ROM drives (USB)
4. Internal DVD-ROM drives (ATA, SCSI)
5. External DVD-ROM drives (USB)
6. Internal hard disk drives (ATA, SATA, SCSI)
7. External hard disk drives (USB)
8. Keyboards (USB, PS/2, serial)
9. Mice (USB, PS/2, serial)
10. VGA display cards (PCI, AGP)

What to Troubleshoot

When any program or driver, existed or recently installed, does not start correctly or is preventing WINDOWS from starting correctly, we can trouble shoot it getting the PC run in Safe Mode. Certainly it is in the case of simple problem with any device or driver that you can easily guess. If the problem appears to be difficult, we recommend fixing it by using WINDOWS RECOVERY method. However there are other reasons for choosing to run PC in safe mode.
Other reasons causing to work in Safe Mode
When you like to open your PC in virus-free state or avoiding any possibility of virus attack for some reason or other, you can decide to run it in safe mode.
Reasons to use Safe Mode at a glance
1. To diagnose a problem with a software, device or driver.
2. To fix or solve the problem.
3. To help WINDOWS run properly.
4. Opening computer in virus-free state to work with Operating System.
5. Opening virus-affected computer in virus-free state.
6. To safeguard computer from all kinds of virus-attack for a certain period of time.
Limitation to boot computer in Safe Mode:
1. Safe Mode does not run the autoexec.bat or config.sys files.
2. Most device drivers are not loaded.
3. Network is disabled. But you can enter Safe Mode with networking which is described in relevant step below.
How to boot your PC in Safe Mode in WINDOWS 7
Here is a step by step guideline on entering Safe Mode—

1. To enter Run menu, do one of the following—
Go to Start>All Program>Accessories>Run
Click Start. Type Run in search box. Click Run from the displayed list.
Press from keyboard WINDOWS logo key + R.
2. Type msconfig and click OK.
3. System Configuration window will appear. Now, Select Boot from the command tabs above.
4. From the Boot Option, click check box left to Safe Boot and at the same time click Minimal radio button under Safe boot.
5. Click OK.

You are done. Now you have to restart your computer to enter Safe Mode. A window will appear prompting you to restart. Click Restart and your PC will open in Safe Mode.
Watch up this youtube screen tutorial to get clarified-

If you want to exit Safe Mode, go to Boot Option again shown in step 4 above. Reclick Safe Boot check box and Minimal radio button to make them selection free. Now Click OK and restart your computer. You will enter the Standard Mode.
Another way to boot PC in Safe Mode:
There is also another way to boot your computer in Safe Mode. This is a shortcut way and can be applied if you have to go to Safe Mode very often for some reason. This process is as follows—

1. Immediately after starting or restarting your PC and, certainly,
before the WINDOWS logo appears, Press F8 from the Keyboard.
2. Advance Boot Options menu will appear. Select safe Mode by using Arrow key from the Key Board as mouse pointer will not be in functioning yet.
Select Safe Mode with Networking if you like to keep Network enabled.
Booting computer in Safe Mode

Now your computer will start in Safe Mode. To exit this Safe Mode, just restart your computer and do nothing.

Back up Your Invaluable WINDOWS Files to Ensure Protection for Future

What is Backup?

Probably everybody is familiar with the word BACKUP as information terminology. Simply, backing up is the process of copying and archiving computer data in the secured storage space so that it may be used to restore the original in case of loss of data. A conscious computer operator should keep all his/her data backed up in need of future restoration. This is because, all these files, have a lot of enemies inside and outside computer who can destroy them in second. By using WINDOWS Backup system, one can easily safeguard his precious text, image or video files, all kinds of programs and system settings; and, at the same time, can get automatically updated by WINDOWS system. There is hardly any person who did not face problem in life losing essential files or programs during installing or reinstalling WINDOWS, for virus attack or due to file crash or hard disk failure. So shouldn’t we be careful to avoid such a hazard? Now let’s take a look at what and where to save your Backup.

What to Back up

You can back up the following—
1. All the files – text, image, video, animation, Graphics etc.
2. All the programs—operating system, default application, downloaded or collected application etc.
3. All the system settings—default, customized or configured.
4. WINDOWS Registry:
Windows Registry is a hierarchical database that stores configuration settings and options on Microsoft Windows operating systems. It contains settings for low-level operating system components and for applications running on the platform that have opted to use the Registry.
5. Home page and Home page tabs of Internet Explorer
6. And so on.

Where TO Back up

The probable Backup spaces are as follows—
1. Internal hard drives:
Backup can be saved in Internal Hard drive if there is sufficient storage space and will be better if it is done in a blank partition. But the limitation is that if the hard disk ever happens to crash, all the data and system will be lost.
2. External hard drives:
External Hard drive can be a preferable space that can be stored in secured place out of computer. Storage space needs to be sufficient (recommended: at least 2x space of total requirement). It must be ensured that external drive (in case of any) is connected with the device before the point of scheduled backup time to let window update the backup.
3. Writable CDs or DVDs:
This choice may be economical but there are lots of limitations. CDs or DVDs are easily be corrupted; several CDs or DVDs will be needed which is difficult to keep track with. Besides, System Image (discussed later) cannot be scheduled on them.
4. USB Flash drives:
System Image cannot be saved. More than one drives may be needed.
5. Network locations:
Folder and drive on network can be a suitable place to save backup. Net work location must be available and related user name and password will need to be provided at the time of backup is scheduled. There are sites that let users share storage space for free but space provided is not sufficient. There are also sites where storage space can be purchased from.

However, we have highlighted the important points about probable storage space for backing up. Now you can easily choose which one is applicable for you. Personally I prefer External Hard drive and also recommend this for the PC users. Every device has some advantages and disadvantages. To know more, interested readers can try the following article from the WINDOWS 7 Help and Support.

1. Click Start > Help and Support
2. In the search box, type ‘Where should I choose my backup’ and press Enter.
How to save Backup in WINDOWS 7 Backup system
Here is a step-by-step guideline to save your Backup—
1. Click Start > Control Panel> Backup and Restore
2. Click Set up backup (If it is your first attempt to back up)
3. Set up backup window will appear. Now select the drive which you like to save the backup in. If you don’t see your desired external drive, connect that drive with your device and click Refresh button. After selecting location click Next.
4. From the present window select whether you like to Let WINDOWS choose your backup or you yourself will choose (Let me choose). Then click Next.

Note: If you choose the second option (Let me choose), a list will appear and you will select what you want to back up clicking the box left to each file’s and folder’s name.
Below the list, there will be an option whether, in your backup, you will include your System Image which you got prepared earlier. After selection, click Next.

[Contextually, A system image is an exact copy of a drive. By default, a system image includes the drives required for Windows to run. It also includes Windows and your system settings, programs, and files that can be restored at a time if needed. You can also create your System Image by your own.]

And if you want WINDOWS to choose your backup, just click Next. WINDOWS will automatically take up all backups along with System image created by its own.
5. From the present window, review your backup setting. Then click on demand to fix up your backup updating schedule which means how often you like to get your backup updated by WINDOWS. After that click OK. Now, click Save setting and Exit and your backing up will continue.

Thursday, July 2, 2015

Increase Low Virtual Memory to Speed Up Your PC

Virtual Memory:

If we are to expose anything on virtual memory, one particular term ‘RAM’ necessarily gets connected with it. RAM (Random Access Memory) is the most common computer memory which is used by different computer programs for temporary storage of data while computer is on work. When computer is shut down, all the memory stored in RAM is totally deleted. Different kinds of RAM’s with different storage capacities are available in market. But while, at the time of computer functioning, there is shortage of sufficient memory in RAM, Operating System (OS) allows computer to fill up the shortage by transferring data from RAM to disk storage. This process is called paging or swapping. And for this, there is temporary storage space on the hard disk which is called a Pagefile or a Swapfile. The memory allotted for the Swapfile is called Virtual Memory.
Here is easily understandable Google definition for this term—

Google Definition for Virtual Memory

Virtual memory is a feature of an operating system (OS) that allows a computer to compensate for shortages of physical memory by temporarily transferring pages of data from random access memory (RAM) to disk storage.

Low Virtual:

Slowness of PC is a worldwide problem. There are several reasons behind this bitter problem. One of them is shortage of virtual memory or low virtual memory. So when slow PC is a ‘CRISIS’ for you, you can try increasing virtual memory among all possible solutions to rid you from this hazard.
Increasing virtual memory:
Increasing virtual memory can be helpful to a great extent to speed up your PC. And this is possible by transferring storage space from any of your Disk Drives (C, D, E, F…..) to Swapfile. You can wisely transfer space from the drive which you consider is appropriate or contains the most storage space by following some steps presented below—
Steps to increasing Virtual Memory for WINDOWS 7:
1. Go to Start > Control Panel. Double click System icon.
2. From the left panel, click Advanced System Setting.
3. System Properties window will appear. Click Advanced tab.
4. Click Settings under Performance.
5. Performance Option window will appear. Click Advanced tab of this window.
6. Then click Change button from the part of virtual memory.
7. Virtual Memory window will appear.
8. From this window, select the drive from which you want to transfer memory space.
9. Then select the option Custom Size. Now input the amount of memory you like to allocate as Initial size (MB) and Maximum size (MB).
10. Hit OK button.
11. Performance Option window will appear back. Click Apply and then OK.
12. System Properties window will appear back. Click Apply and then OK.
13. Now you are done. If you are asked to restart your PC, do the same.

Watch the following Youtube clip to get clarified.

Sunday, August 10, 2014

System Restore-The Most Essential System to Repair WINDOWS

System Restore

Sometimes it happens that your PC does not run properly. May be, your media player does not work or CD drive does not show. Sometimes, your browser may not work or sound might be uninstalled. Similar problem may arise due to a little file crash in the system software. In this case, you needn't install or reinstall your Windows. That will not be wise for you to do so. Rather you can repair your Windows and that will work better.
If you use Windows XP or Windows '07 you can use system restore to repair your Windows.

What It Is

System Restore is the process by which you can repair all the faults and flaws created and get it back to the state it was before a certain date. In this process, none of your files will be missing; even you will not need to install any existed files. After all, all of your files and programs will remain intact and additionally you will get a new Windows.

How to Apply System Restore

For this purpose, you will need an installation CD of Windows. Make sure that your CD works properly. Next you have to do the following:
1. Start your computer and enter the BIOS (Basic Input Output System) set up pressing Del or F2 just after the screen prompts to do so.

2. Active Boot tab by pressing arrow key from your key board.
Select CD as your first Boot device.
(Remember that different BIOS's have different systems and options to set up Boot sequence. In this tutorial, as is shown in the image above, we are presenting functioning of UEFI BIOS )
3. Save the change pressing F10 key and exit from the window.
4. Now enter your Windows installation CD into your CD drive and restart your computer. (Now computer will start from CD. If you are asked to press any key to run computer from CD, do the same)
5. Now, Windows set up window will appear.
6. First select language and other preferences from the first window and click Next.

7. From the next window; select Windows repairing button and follow the instructions. 

8. Select the date before which your computer was as usual as you wish.
9. Repairing will continue. It will take a few minutes. During the process your computer will restart once.
10. If the process complete successfully, your computer will restart and you will have your PC as perfect as it was before the date you selected.